When we speak informally about an individual’s personality, we may be referring to any number of qualities, from their temperament to their sense of humor, even the kind of media they like. However, in the social sciences, the study of personality focuses on enduring, reliable traits about a person that can be measured, and which are useful in predicting behavior (Saucier & Srivastra, 2015). The leading perspective on personality within the social sciences is the Five Factor Model, or the “Big Five”, which describes individuals in terms of their openness to experience, conscientiousness, agreeability, extroversion, and neuroticism.
There are countless pieces of advice when it comes to improving work that relate to becoming more productive, efficient, profitable, happy, etc. While much of the advice available for free is not rooted in solid evidence, one of the main scientific assets to understanding workplace improvement is behavioral science. There is a breadth of evidence, even entire academic disciplines, which suggest that insights from psychology in particular are directly correlated to improving internal and external relations and practices at work. This blogpost highlights some of the main direct and indirect influences of behavioral science at the workplace and highlight how many principles can easily be implemented to much success.
In this CQ Dossier we focus on the importance of basic psychological needs and their relevance in the workplace. We have a look at the three fundamental needs – autonomy, competence, and relatedness – and discuss their important to workplace thriving and achievement within the workplace.
This dossier describes the concept of self-efficacy, describes how to measure the concept, and how to boost employees’ self-efficacy through leadership interventions. The dossier also describes the research showing the linkage between self-efficacy and job performance.
This CQ Dossier describes the Job Characteristics Model that provides recommendations on how best to design jobs to enrich employee motivation. The model focuses on the intrinsic motivation that employees gain through having control over their work. The model shows how autonomy, job crafting and feedback can enhance employee motivation and enrich the experience of work.
Increasingly, organizations are changing the ways in which they compensate and reward their employees. This is true for the relationship between the employer and management. A management incentive plan is a compensation or rewards agreement between an employer and management. The plan is designed to motivate managers and to align management performance with the strategic goals of the firm. This blog post describes the latest innovation in management incentives and discusses the linkages between incentives and individual and firm performance.
There is a growing need among managers to understand issues concerning organisational job satisfaction. It is quite tempting to regard job satisfaction as simply being ‘happy’ at work, but this topic is slightly more complex than we would normally expect. Let us start by defining job satisfaction and look into what it involves. One of the most common definitions for job satisfaction came out in 1976 from an American psychologist named Edwin Locke. As he put, it is simply “a pleasurable or positive emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one’s job or job experiences”. In other words, workers draw on their perceptions and emotions to evaluate jobs in some degree of favour or disfavour.
We’ve all had positive moments in our lives that you just won’t forget. It doesn’t matter if those moments were part of personal life or professional life, occurred during studies or other forms of education: Situations that are associated with fun, inspiration, hope, interest, admiration, and pride are etched into our memory and can be recalled in great detail and with great emotional depth many years later. This is in strong contrast to a large number of lectures, meetings, trainings, etc. whose content we are only able to memorize after multiple repetitions and great effort, for a short period at most.