In investigating accidents, most professionals determine that many of the reasons why they occur is due to human error. However, research shows that most accidents occur due to a failure in systems rather than people (Reason, 1990). This CQ Dossier describes how the utilization of a systems approach can reduce workplace accidents.
This CQ Dossier focuses on what constitutes an effective safety climate and how to improve workplace safety in general. Recent disasters such as the Grenfell Tower Fire incident illustrate the importance of safety in the work environment. At the Grenfell Tower, people escaped using a single staircase and while more than 65 people were rescued, an estimated 71 people died and countless others were injured. We draw on theory and research to describe how organizational practices can increase the level of workplace safety.
This CQ Dossier focuses on how organizations can effectively use High Reliability Teams to promote safety. Effective teams are social in nature with team members having high task interdependency and shared, common values (Salas, Cooke & Rosen, 2008). High Reliability Teams have the ability to promote safety through task-relevant knowledge, high levels of communication, and adapting to the environment. This dossier describes why High Reliability Teams can promote safety and the importance of safety promotion through teams.
This CQ Dossier focuses on the implementation of an effective safety climate through high reliability teams (HRT) in high reliability organizations (HROs). The dossier draws on theory and research on HRTs to provide a series of broad-based recommendations that will enable the implementation of policies to provide a strong safety climate.