Leadership is a prominent topic in management with a growing body of knowledge derived from theory and research. The current state of knowledge is best described as different leadership approaches supported by a more or less strong body of evidence regarding their effectiveness. This way of understanding leadership from an Evidence-based Management point of view is in stark contrast to the simplified concepts promoted by many popular business books and articles. Being aware of those leadership approaches, their strengths, weaknesses and limitations is the very basis to increase your leadership performance as a management practitioner.
This "how to lead guide" provides you a concise overview of different leadership approaches and the available body of evidence regarding their effectiveness. You'll also find CQ Dossiers and journal papers with more information about each leadership approach in this "how to lead guide". However, please keep in mind that the body of evidence related to a specific business challenge is always an incomplete snapshot at any given point in time. This also applies to leadership. This "how to lead guide" can thus be just the start for your journey to become an Evidence-based Manager.
There are at least as many definitions of leadership available as leadership approaches. From a management practitioner's point of view, leadership is all about interventions that target at influencing individuals, teams or an organization in a way such that
a common understanding of a desired future state is created,
the future state is committed by all relevant stakeholders,
the organization changes into to right direction such that the future state is achieved.
As a result, leadership knowledge is not only relevant for people who occupy a formal leadership position, but for all executives, managers and professionals who want to see their organization to develop to the better.
This CQ Dossier describes the qualities of transformational leaders and how they gain commitment to their vision and the mission of the organization. The paper draws on the main theories of transformational leadership to present the key behaviors that distinguish transformational leaders from transactional leaders.
Over the last ten years, researchers have focused on Transformational Leadership as being an effective leadership strategy to implement within public and private sector organizations. This CQ Dossier focus on Transformational Leadership and poses the question on when the theory is effective and ineffective for individual and organizational success